1232 22nd St. NW Washington D.C 20037
ubalozi@tanzaniaembassy-us.org
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Embassy of Tanzania, DC

Geography

Topological map of Tanzania

Topological map of Tanzania

Tanzania’s geography is one of the most varied and unique in the world; it contains Africa’s highest point, Mount Kilimanjaro (19341ft / 5,895m), as well as lakes, mountains and many gorgeous national parks.

The north-east of Tanzania is mountainous, and includes Mt. Meru and Mt. Kilimanjaro, both of which are inactive volcanoes. Kilimanjaro’s natural beauty, as well as the fact that it has the highest peak in Africa thats is covered with snow evn though it is so close to to the equator. Mt. Kilimanjaro attracts thousands of tourists each year.

West of these is the world renown  Serengeti National Park, famous for its annual migration of millions of white bearded wildebeest, as well as its abundance of lions, leopards, elephants, rhinoceroses, and buffalo. Close to the park lies Olduvai Gorge – “The Cradle of Mankind”, where many of the oldest hominid fossils and artifacts have been found. Other archaeologically important finds include the oldest evidence of hominids’ use of wood at the Kalambo Falls, on the border with Zambia. Ngorongoro crater, also located in the area is considered the world’s 8th wonder.

Ngorongoro Crater- 8th wonder of the world

Ngorongoro Crater- 8th wonder of the world

Further north is Lake Victoria, on the Kenya–Uganda–Tanzania border. This is the largest lake in Africa and is the source of the Nile river. In the west, separating Tanzania from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is Lake Tanganyika. This lake is the second oldest and second deepest lake in the world after Lake Baikal in Siberia.

The centre of Tanzania is a large plateau, with grasslands and national parks to the south and north, and arable land in most parts. The plitical capital, Dodoma, is located in the centre of the country, although much of the government work is still done in Dar-es-salaam.

The eastern shore of Tanzania is hot and humid, and encompasses Tanzania’s largest city and commercial capital, Dar-es-salaam. Just north-east of Dar-es-salaam lies the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, a semi-autonomous territory of Tanzania which is famous for its spices.

Mt. Kilimanjaro - 19341ft / 5,895m

Mt. Kilimanjaro – 19341ft / 5,895m

The climate of Tanzania ranges from hot and humid on the coast, to a more temperate climate in the elevated parts of the country in the north-east and south-west. Tanzania has two rainy seasons; a long heavy one from March to May, and a shorter, lighter one from November to January.

Tanzania is divided into 26 regions; 21 on the mainland, 3 on Zanzibar island and 2 on Pemba island.

For more information please visit the following sites: Tanzania National Website

Geo Facts:

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.
Geographic coordinates: 6°00?S, 35°00?E
Area: total-364,900 Sq.miles, land-342,101 Sq.miles, water: 22,799 Sq.miles km²
(Area includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar)
Land boundaries: total-2114miles
Border Countries: Burundi 280miles, Kenya 478miles, Malawi 295miles, Mozambique 470miles, Rwanda 135miles, Uganda 246miles, Zambia 210miles, Dem. Rep. of the Congo 293miles
Coastline:885miles
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone- 200 nautical miles (370 km) & territorial sea-12 nautical miles (22 km)
Climate: varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
Terrain: plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south
Elevation extremes: lowest point-Indian Ocean 0ft & highest point-Mt. Kilimanjaro 19341ft (5,895m) Its the highest point in Africa.
Natural resources: hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel and oil
Land use: arable land-3%, permanent crops-1%, permanent pastures-40%, forests and woodland-38%, other: 18% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 1,550 km² (1998 est.)
Natural hazards: the tsetse fly; flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season and drought extreme dry parts of the country (center)
Environmental issues: soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; droughts affect marginal agriculture
International Environment Agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands and  Nuclear Test Ban (signed, but not ratified )