Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.
Geographic coordinates: 6°00?S, 35°00?E
Area: total-364,900 Sq.miles, land-342,101 Sq.miles, water: 22,799 Sq.miles km²
(Area includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar)
Land boundaries: total-2114miles
Border Countries: Burundi 280miles, Kenya 478miles, Malawi 295miles, Mozambique 470miles, Rwanda 135miles, Uganda 246miles, Zambia 210miles, Dem. Rep. of the Congo 293miles
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone- 200 nautical miles (370 km) & territorial sea-12 nautical miles (22 km)
Climate: varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
Terrain: plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south
Elevation extremes: lowest point-Indian Ocean 0ft & highest point-Mt. Kilimanjaro 19341ft (5,895m) Its the highest point in Africa.
Natural resources: hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel and oil
Land use: arable land-3%, permanent crops-1%, permanent pastures-40%, forests and woodland-38%, other: 18% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 1,550 km² (1998 est.)
Natural hazards: the tsetse fly; flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season and drought extreme dry parts of the country (center)
Environmental issues: soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; droughts affect marginal agriculture
International Environment Agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands and Nuclear Test Ban (signed, but not ratified )